No one in 1830 when the book of mormon was published had any idea of the existence of the great cities and ancient civilizations which once inhabited central america. Teancum, a book of mormon city located in a land called desolation, within the north country, was in the borders by the seashore mormon 4. Is there evidence of sunken cities, as described in the. Book of mormon geography the encyclopedia of mormonism. The chapter headings in the book of mormon are not necessarily part of the sacred text. For students of the book of mormon, one of their findings is of particular interest. Mormons believe that the book of mormon confirms information found in the holy bible.
The book of mormon is set in north america in the first century. Those quotations play an important role in the book s message, but they have also attracted the attention of critics of the book of mormon for two reasons. How a mormon lawyer transformed archaeology in mexicoand. Thus, the problem of what records survive in a state that can be discovered by.
Archaeological trends and the book of mormon origins. About three years after the book of mormon came out, the first book about the mayan civilization was published. Sadly, as with much of the evidence found, these temples and cities often either predate the book of mormon people or originate with cultures stemming from pre. The book of mormon also spoke of sprawling ancient cities, none of which had been identified in the united states. That dirt was then piled 6 feet high as a second defense. I have a large library of religious books, but the annotated edition of the book of mormon is the most technicolored, highfidelity, highdefinition, highlyresearched, testimonybuilding, multidimensional rollercoaster ride through the religious history of. To date, no actual evidence to confirm the book of mormon has been found, although many lds believers have faith that it will be uncovered in the future. Book of mormon thought false by lds memberarchaelogist.
Ancient cities of the mississippi valley joseph knew. The puzzle is to draw the river sidon, as well as the location of the city of zarahemla, on a book of mormon internal map such as in figure 7, or your own, in a way to explain the following weird result of the limhi expedition mosiah 8. The scientific search for nephite remains mormons in. According to joseph smith and subsequent presidents and apostles of the lds church, the geographical extent of book of mormon lands included virtually all of north and south america. Mormon topics book of mormon geography and evidences.
Since then all of these things have been found in mesoamerica, corresponding in great geographical detail to those places mentioned in the book of mormon. In a letter to emma while marching with zions camp in 1834. Jerusalem is the only city that is found in both the bible and the book of mormon and is one of the most excavated cities in the world. If i am correct about this analysis, then we can understand why we have not yet found a book of mormon city under fresh water lakes in mesoamerica. I had sincerely hoped that bookofmormon cities would be positively identified. One may ask, when did mormon write these particular words. What is the hemispheric model of the book of mormon. The 1st rule of book of mormon evidence there is no. Jaredite culture started towards the end of the third millennium bc, and its first cities were built later.
Quirigua ruins in guatemala were suggested as the possible city of zarahemla, or some other book of mormon city. Cities and lands in the book of mormon byu scholarsarchive. A popular saying in the field of archaeology is that no evidence of existence is not evidence of nonexistence. Joseph smith at the age of 16 maybe 14,15 or 17 was led to the site of the plates by the angel moroni, joseph was instructed not to remove the items until he was given permission. Zarahemla was the name of the major nephite city as recorded in the book of mormon part of the official canon of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints the city of zarahemla and surrounding area were not originally nephite. The lamanite city jerusalem in the land of nephi was named by lehite migrants after the. Students must depend, chiefly, upon existing natural monuments, such as mountains, rivers, lakes, or ocean beaches, and try to identify them with similar places mentioned in the book of mormon. Isaiah in the book of mormon religious studies center. Narrow neck of land, narrow strip of wilderness, narrow pass, oceans. Throughout the book of mormon, the terms city and land seem to be. The original idea behind this proposal was that joseph picked up these place names and locations from a map in order to create his book of mormon geography. Yea, and the city of onihah and the inhabitants thereof, and the city of mocum and the inhabitants thereof, and the city of jerusalem and the inhabitants.
Believe it or not the archaeological achilles heel of the book of mormon is not the multiple cities it discusses that have never been found, but rather the one city it mentions that is actually real. Mound cities appear to have been designed for defense. And they also began in that same year to build many cities on the north, one in a particular manner which they called lehi, which was in the north by the borders of the seashore. In a 1961 newsletter, ferguson predicted that although nothing had been found, the book of mormon cities would be found within 10 years. First, the isaiah sections appear to be straight out of the king james. Since the publication of their work, an approach to the study of book of mormon geography, analysts of the scripture have found still more data in the book of mormon s own statements suggesting that the immediate land covered by the book s events was probably. Has an artifact that relates to the book of mormon been. Possible book of mormon sites in relation to each other. One of these is that of the city of bountiful, one of the first settlements of the second or israelitish civilization of the book of mormon, later an important strong hold of the nephites, and the probable place of appearance and ministry of the messiah to the nephites as recorded in the book of mormon. Because its members are somewhat isolated from mainstream scholarship, many critics feel. The organization focuses primarily on a defense of the book of mormon as a historical document. Furthermore, and very importantly for the book of mormon s historicity, as with the rare discovery of the nihm altars in southern arabia linked to ishmaels death and burial, with the even rarer discovery of this small, inscribed seal, it is quite possible that an archaeological artifact of a book of mormon personality has been identified.
New world, while he located the hill cumorah, site of the epic nephitelamanite. Like the bible, the book of mormon presents itself as an historical record of. Archaeologists and other researchers after 1830 confirmed that such ancient civilizations and cities, similar to those described in the book of mormon, did exist. True book of mormon geography lands western new york model home. Five compelling archeological evidences for the book of mormon. What cities in the united states did the nephites live. For this defense, great ditches, 6 feet deep were dug around the outsides. The book of mormon mentions cities, trade, warfare, towers, and the use of. If the book of mormon is true, why do indians fail to turn white when they become mormons. In a 1961 newsletter, ferguson predicted that although nothing had been found, the book of mormon cities would be found within ten years. The jaredites vanished from the book of mormon record about 500400 bc.
The scientific search for nephite remains mormons in transition. Around 323 bc a nephite man named mosiah found the already built city. The book of mormon is really there so one can have book of mormon studies, and archaeology is really there so one can study archaeology, but the two are not wed. The book of mormon puzzle has challenged bright minds for over 180 years. Includes nephite, lamanite and jaredite place names and major features. Any and all ancient or precolumbian ruins and artifacts found throughout north, central, and south america known as a hemispheric geography approach were quickly accepted as evidence of book of mormon peoples. Mormon also wrote two books within the book of mormon that bear his name the words of mormon and the book of mormon. It seems reasonable to assume that if smith was a prophet of god and was translating the book of mormon under divine inspiration, he would have known about the errors found in the king james version, and would have corrected them for when passages from the king james version appeared in the book of mormon. Other references to the sabbath limit are found in mishnah, shabbath. On a site called the east fork works sometimes called gridiron or hebrew works in clermont county, ohio, squire and davis found the remains of a large complex or city.
Summary the mormon organization farms is producing the most widely read and seemingly scholarly defenses of the book of mormon and joseph smith available in mormonism today. The top of figure 3 displays the broad histories of book of mormon cities. Countless items validating the existence of alexander exist because his troops left them scattered in. As for israel, not only have we found the famous copper scroll of. So in the 1840s, mormons, including smith himself, took notice of a u. This list is intended as a quick reference for locations mentioned in the book of mormon. Book of mormon geography, place names, cities, lands, etc. As for the joseph smith translation items, the chapter headings, topical guide, bible dictionary, footnotes, the gazetteer, and the maps. True book of mormon geography lands, western new york model. At least they are not wed in reality since no book of mormon location is known with reference to modern topography. Book of mormon authors quoted liberally from the writings of isaiah that they found on the plates of brass. Furthermore, and very importantly for the book of mormon s historicity, as with the rare discovery of the nihm altars in southern arabia linked to ishmaels death and burial,7 with the even rarer discovery of this small, inscribed seal, it is quite possible that an archaeological artifact of a book of mormon personality has been identified. The city of nephi book of mormon evidence duration. Book of mormonplagiarism accusationsplace names from.
Another comparison to the book of mormon can be found in alexander the great, who conquered most of the known world in 300 bc contemporary with moroni with 4080,000 troops. Archaeological evidence and the book of mormon fairmormon. Far from undermining the bible, the book of mormon supports its testimony of jesus christ. Underwater archaeology and the book of mormon in sorenson. Quirigua is one of those famous classic maya cities that post dates book of mormon civilization, which for some time did not sustain josephs early speculation. The overall trend in the date over the past 175 years fits the expectations for the book of mormon as history rather than hoax.
For certain we have found a maya city under the waters of the ocean, in a place named cerros off the eastern coast of belize, but we are still looking for cities under freshwater lakes. Pt 1 book of mormon cities found in mesoamerica youtube. The hopewell and nephite cultures thrived during the same time frame, 400 bc 300 ad and many students of the book of mormon believe they are one and the same. Did joseph smith know the geography of the book of mormon. Archaeological trends and the book of mormon origins byu. The text gives an account of ancient prophets who lived. Supporting evidences of the book of mormon are broadly identifiable. Before i get flamed i would like to point out three of the more glaring anachronistic errors. Today, while some individuals still argue for a book of mormon setting in the great lakes region of the united states and canada, 2 most latterday saint scholars acknowledge mesoamerica as the most likely region that matches descriptions found within the book. To me this account is difficult to explain on any map at all, so finding a solution on a. Why havent any of the book of mormon proper names such as nephi, laman, zarahemla, etc. Many of the names and places didnt exist in the late 1820s, and they are in the wrong locations relative to one another.
Recently, i went through the book of mormon with a different focusi wanted to determine how many evidences were found in the book of mormon itself supporting the fact that it was translated from an ancient document and not written by joseph smith in the early 19th century. Do non mormon archaeologists think there are signs of hebrews in ohio. We have discovered a very great city here in the heart of bountiful land, ferguson wrote. The book of mormon is another witness of jesus christ and confirms the truths found in the holy bible.
Despite joseph smiths declaration that the book of mormon is the most correct book, the book of mormon actually apologizes for being poorly written, yet practically in the same sentence, brazenly condemns all who refuse to believe it. Where does the book of mormon really take place and does it matter. Ruins of early cities are also used as clues by the investigator. In 1998, the smithsonian began issuing a shorter letter without the detailed response found in the first letter, and limited its comment to briefly deny. Possible relationships of sites in the book of mormon, based on internal. Many members of the latter day saint movement claim historical authenticity of the book of.1032 856 1414 475 900 1570 178 1108 1060 1149 1297 1382 630 695 842 1462 1282 1115 323 910 1 1485 541 490 1337 75 1103 796 920 312 658 41 900 849 1329 419 312 1365 415 171 919 692 153 835 1231 555